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Multi Leaf Collimator (MLC) System
  • Overview
  • Detail Technical Brochure
  • Application Procedure

For radiotherapy treatment of localized cancers, telecobalt units are known for low-cost, simplicity, predictive nature of the radiation dose and low maintenance/ downtime. However, radiation field openings for any telecobalt unit are limited to rectangular fields only, even though tumor boundaries are highly irregular. As a remedy, BARC has developed the technology for Multi Leaf Collimator (MLC) System to provide complex and irregular radiation fields required for better conformity to irregular tumor geometries. The performance has been demonstrated after integrating this MLC (as secondary collimator) with our indigenous telecobalt machine.

Entrepreneurs having following experience only can apply:

  • Experience in manufacturing Medical Equipments.

  • Experience in radiotherapy equipment manufacturing.

  • Exposure to Radiotherapy Equipment Markets.

  • Effective Service Network for Medical Equipments.

  • Strong Design and Development capabilities in multi-disciplinary areas viz. mechanical design, electronics, control, software etc.

  • Experience in Quality Assurance Requirements, Testing, Certification and Regulatory Framework, and Sound financial background.

Multi Leaf Collimator (MLC) System

Detail Technical Brochure

Radiation therapy is used for the management of localized cancers. Telecobalt units are preferred due to low cost, simplicity, predictive nature of the radiation dose and low maintenance/downtime. As of now, the radiation field openings defined by any telecobalt unit, are limited to rectangular fields only. Multi Leaf Collimator (MLC) System can provide complex and irregular radiation fields required for far better conformity to irregular tumour boundaries, leading to superior clinical performances.

BARC has developed MLC system which serves as secondary collimator. Here, thin divergent leaves made of tungsten alloys with tongue and groove arrangement are grouped in two banks. Each of these leaves projects one centimeter at patient plane and driven independently by individual electric motor. The system has been demonstrated after integrating with our indigenous telecobalt machine with source to axis distance at 80cm. Features like collimator rotation, motorized wedge filter, field light arrangement, optical distance indicator etc are arranged without compromising the patient clearance. This new version has been approved by AERB for clinical applications. Irregular radiation fields now can be generated conforming to the complex tumour geometries, allowing higher tumour dose while limiting unwanted dose to surrounding healthy tissues resulting in superior treatment outcome.

Indigenous telecobalt units can be upgraded with this MLC by replacing the existing collimator systems. However, the design modifications in mechanical, electronics, control and software essential for integration of this MLC design with the indigenous telecobalt machine is the responsibility of the manufacturers of the teletherapy machine.


  • Design is compatible with Cobalt Teletherapy Machine Bhabhatron with Source to Axis Distance at 800mm.
  • The movements of all the leaves are motorized and independent.
  • Dedicated software for generating field geometry conforming to the irregular field boundaries.
  • Field openings can be controlled from remote computer.
  • Back-up jaws for limiting inter-leaf leakage radiations.
  • Full closure of leaves as well as back-up jaws ensure radiation safety during emergency conditions, power failure etc.
  • Patient scans can be imported through DICOM.
  • Motorized Wedge Filter implemented within the collimator.


  • Source to axis distance (SAD) : 800 mm
  • Source to Diaphragm Distance (SDD) : 465 mm
  • Leaf Design : Divergent, with tongue and groove
  • Collimator Type : Secondary
  • Collimator Rotation : motorized, ±90 deg
  • Max. Field Size (at isocentre) : 250 mm x 250 mm
  • Min. Field Size : 0 x 0 (completely closed)
  • Leaf Projection at isocentre : 10 mm
  • Collimator Auto Set-up : Yes
  • Back-up Jaws : Yes, both axes
  • Motorized Wedge Filter : Yes (upto 60deg.)
  • Regulatory Approval : Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, INDIA


The job involves high precision fabrication, assembly, extensive QA testing as per AERB requirements. For those having facilities for manufacturing Teletherapy machines, additional infrastructure requirement will be insignificant Manufacturing processes involved:

a. Machine Tools/ Equipments needed for Manufacture

  • Lathe, milling machine, drilling machine.
  • Precision tool room machines: lathe, milling machine.
  • Universal grinding machine.
  • Crane: 2 T Capacity.
  • Inspection tools: Digital vernier caliper, Micrometer, digital Inclinometer, Digital height gauge, bevel protractor, multimeter, oscilloscope, water phantom, solid water phantom, radiation area monitor, radiation survey meter, pocket dosimeter, secondary standard dosimeter, radiation field analyzer and other commonly used inspection and measurement tools.

b. Space Required

  • An assembly room (approx. 5mx6m), in addition to the space required for manufacturing of a Telecobalt unit. For testing, AERB approved shielded bunker will be required

c. Electricity Supply

  • 230V, AC, 50Hz. (during assembly, performance evaluation and regular operations.)

d. Manpower

  • Manpower consisting of 3 engineers (1 - mechanical, 1 - electronics/ control, 1 - computer) and 6 technicians for fabrication, assembly and testing of the components, sub-assemblies, the complete unit and its performance are required. Additionally, medical physicist/radiation safety officer are required for ensuring conformity to clinical requirement and radiation safety to the working personnel respectively. Experience in Quality Assurance Requirements, Testing, Certification and Regulatory Framework for this type of Medical Electrical Equipments is essential.


Who Should apply

Interested parties with Engineering & Scientific knowledge, good financial background and adequate experience of products manufacturing & fabrication with technical capability in the area of interested technology and having or interested in setting –up facilities for production would be preferred.

How to apply

Send your Technology Transfer Application form duly filled and signed alongwith a Demand Draft/Bankers cheque of Rs. 500/- (for Indian entities) or US $50/- (for foreign entities) drawn in favour of “Accounts Officer, BARC” as application processing fee on following address: 

Head, Technology Transfer and Collaboration Division 
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre,
Trombay, Mumbai – 400 085, India.

Fax : +91-22-25505151

Note:Applications without processing fee as applicable above of Rs. 500/- or US $50/- for each technology will not be considered.

Click here for Technology Transfer Application Form

Contact Us

Technology Transfer and Collaboration Division
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre,
Trombay, Mumbai 400 085.

Fax : 091-022- 25505151
Email : technology@barc.gov.in

How to apply

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