The mandate of Chemical Sciences in BARC is to undertake fundamental and applied research in pursuit of sustainable chemistry-oriented solutions relevant to nuclear sciences and allied technologies. Through an interdisciplinary approach and state of the art instruments, cutting-edge research is being conducted to mitigate global challenges associated with energy, environment and healthcare. R&D is focussed in diverse fields such as Materials Chemistry, Nuclear Safety, Radiation and Photochemistry, Theoretical Chemistry, Reactor Water Chemistry, Analytical Sciences and reference materials. Some of the major research projects that gained impetus in recent years include thermo-physical property evaluation of molten salt breeder reactor (MSBR) systems, development of core-catcher materials, hydrogen mitigation, catalysts for hydrogen production, hydrogen storage materials, nanotherapeutics and bio-sensors, decontamination of reactor components, biofouling control and thermal ecology studies, supramolecular chemistry, environmental and interfacial chemistry, ultrafast reaction dynamics, single molecule spectroscopy, synthesis and applications of nanomaterials, cold plasma applications, luminescent materials for bio-imaging, materials for light emitting devices and security applications, advanced biological wastewater treatment, analytical method development, development of in-house and certified reference materials, indigenous development of sensors and analytical instruments, theoretical and computational studies of materials at different length and time scales etc.
Core Research & Development Areas
Radiochemical sciences have played a pivotal role in the progress of nuclear science and technology, and realizing its fruits for the benefit of mankind. Chemistry of radioactive substances requires a highly skilled manpower to carry out chemical procedures in 'state-of-the-art' facilities with sophisticated instrumentations. Studies in this multi-disciplinary area have been focused towards providing vital support to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle and continuously developing products for societal benefits. Apart from these, there is a strong basic research component which deals with nuclear reactions, production of super heavy elements, materials characterization using nuclear probes, membrane based sensor development, chemistry of actinides for environmental applications, actinide spectroscopy, etc. The activities on the radiochemical sciences in BARC involve research on advanced fuels, chemical quality control of nuclear materials, production and application of isotopes for health care, industry and hydrology, development of new radiopharmaceuticals for cancer diagnosis and therapy.
Highlights of this program