(`AKRUTI Tech Plus’)
Offered by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
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AKRUTI TECHNOLOGIES: A Rapid Composting Technology for Decomposition of Dry Leaves, Kitchen-Waste and Temple-Waste
(RAPID BIOCOMPOST)
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A Rapid Biocomposting Process for Dry Leaves and Garden Waste


A single microbe (cellulolytic fungus) based formulation has been developed for decomposition of many types of biodegradable wastes like kitchen/market waste, dry plant matter (including coconut leaves), straw/agricultural residue and holy waste from temples. Its application shortens the duration of degradation from years and months (required for natural processes, depending on type of biomass) to a few weeks. Additionally, it greatly reduces the cost of transportation involved in disposal of such wastes. The compost generated in this process has high carbon content which will be beneficial in enriching organic matter-depleted soils. Inorganic fertilizers with high nitrogen content and no organic carbon facilitate temporary enhancement in crop productivity, but have serious long term negative effects on soil productivity. On the other hand, this compost with 1-2% nitrogen, 28-36% carbon and a high water holding capacity (>150%) will have pronounced positive effects on soil health in a sustainable manner over long term as well as organic farming. This technology is based on a single, safe and beneficial microbe, and hence simple to adopt. It will also be an important contribution towards “Swachh Bharat Mission”.

ADVANTAGES

  • This technology is an easy to adopt eco-friendly alternative to waste dumping
  • Formulation is simple to mass produce and versatile for different wastes
  • Compost generated can be used as a good soil conditioner and nutrient source
  • Adds vital organic matter for soil and improves crop health

APPLICATIONS

  • Municipalities, Housing Societies, Institutional Canteens, Markets etc.
  • Temples, Nurseries, Orchards, farms etc.
  • Biotechnology related companies and companies that mass produce microbial cultures.

INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIRED FOR PREPARING FORMULATION

a. Raw Materials

  • All the raw materials (sorghum grain, talcum powder) used for the development of this formulation are available locally. The strain of Trichoderma can be procured from BARC.

b. Equipments

  • Autoclave
  • Laminar flow
  • Refrigerator (optional)
  • Common glass wares

c. Space

  • A small room of 400 sq. ft. area (20 ft. x 20 ft) with minimal facilities.

d. Power

  • Both single & three phase power connection.

e. Manpower

  • One skilled man power for preparing formulation and 1-2 skilled workers would be adequate. Actual manpower would depend on production capacity.


INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIRED FOR BIOCOMPOSTING

a. Raw Materials

  • Formulation
  • Kitchen waste, Temple offerings, Dried leaves and garden waste
  • Coco Peat/ Saw dust/ Coir dust & tarpaulin sheet for covering

b.Equipments

  • Shredder
  • Water sprinkler
  • Common rake (panja or kanta)
  • Sand filter mesh/sieve

c. Space

  • Net enclosure/concrete pit/drums (metallic or plastic).

d. Power

  • Both single & three phase power connection.

e. Manpower

  • 1-2 skilled/unskilled workers would be adequate. Actual manpower would depend on composting capacity.

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