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Flame Retardant Cotton Cloth
  • Overview
  • Detail Technical Brochure
  • Application Procedure

Flame Retardant Cotton Cloths


A novel flame retardant material phosphorus functionalized grapheme quantum dot (Pf-GQD), which is water based non-toxic, low cost, transparent and easy to coat on cotton fabrics by simple dip and dry technique has been developed. The cotton cloths and threads, coated with the developed Pf-GQD material, have been successfully tested for their flame retardant functionalities under steady state flame (T~1000 °C) and turbulent flame (heat flux ~ 30-40 kW/m2) conditions at the BARC collaboration facilities. A nominal thin coating (~4 μm) of the transparent solution of Pf-GQD on cotton cloth helps the cloth to retain its original colour as well as safety for daily personal use.

An Indian patent application has been filed for this material.

Flame Retardant Cotton Cloths

Flame Retardant Cotton Cloths

Detail Technical Brochure

A nominal thin coating (~4 μm) of the transparent solution of Pf-GQD on cotton cloth helps the cloth to acquire flame retardent property and also retain its original colour as well. Beneficially, the coating is found to resist repeated wash fastness cycles which is tested by modified ISO2 method. Notably, this is the first report of graphene based transparent flame retardant and thus can be applicable for day-to-day utilizable textile cloths, curtains, sofa covers, automobile seat covers, etc.

Flame Retardant Cotton Cloths


  1. Transparent and thin (~4 μ) coating on cloth makes it suitable for daily uses.
  2. Highly efficient flame retardant property against large industrial fire (tested up to 50 kW/cm2 heat flux).
  3. Simple dip and dry coating method for application.
  4. Non-toxic for human uses.
  5. Potential to use as chemosensors, biolebeling and in photodynamic therapy.
  6. Possibility of synthesis from natural carbon sources such as mango leaf.


  • Standard organic laboratory space with equipments, chemicals and solvents are required.

a. Materials used

  • Graphene oxide (GO), poly-phosphoric acid (PPA), monosodium dihydrogen orthophosphate (NaH2PO4).

b. Equipment used

  • Teflon lined stainless steel autoclave, muffle furnace and centrifuge.
  • Graphene oxide is prepared by using modified Hummer’s method. PPA and NaH2PO4 were used as phosphorous source.

c. Manpower

  • A technician and a science graduate with chemistry background would be required.

Who Should apply

Interested parties with Engineering & Scientific knowledge, good financial background and adequate experience of products manufacturing & fabrication with technical capability in the area of interested technology and having or interested in setting –up facilities for production would be preferred.

How to apply

Send your Technology Transfer Application form duly filled and signed alongwith a Demand Draft/Bankers cheque of Rs. 500/- (for Indian entities) or US $50/- (for foreign entities) drawn in favour of “Accounts Officer, BARC” as application processing fee on following address: 

Head, Technology Transfer and Collaboration Division 
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre,
Trombay, Mumbai – 400 085, India.

Fax : +91-22-25505151

Note:Applications without processing fee as applicable above of Rs. 500/- or US $50/- for each technology will not be considered.

Click here for Technology Transfer Application Form

Contact Us

Technology Transfer and Collaboration Division
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre,
Trombay, Mumbai 400 085.

Fax : 091-022- 25505151
Email : technology@barc.gov.in

How to apply

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