(`AKRUTI Tech Plus’)
Offered by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
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(Inclusive Rural Advancement through Technology Deployment)
DAE- SOCIETIAL INITIATIVE FOR LARGE SCALE DEPLOYMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES

 

BACKGROUND

Over the past 50 years a large indigenous Science & Technology (S&T) know-how has been generated in various national laboratories and in parallel, several technologies have been imported. Urban sector has received the highest attention by way of deployment of large number of these technologies and know-how in urban areas resulting in rapid urban development leading to urban rural divide in terms of prosperity and opportunities. Further, India’s young population is expected to be the largest in the world in decades ahead, over 500 millions. Creating gainful and productive work for them is the greatest challenge. Technical know-how generated in national laboratories related to basic needs such as water, food, energy and environment has been underutilized. Deployment and adaptation of this know-how to the rural needs could provide a creative opportunity for expected 500 million youths in rural and urban India to contribute to the national wealth with prosperity for everybody including villages.

 

KEY DRIVERS

Organisations nurturing know-how for water management, land utilization and energy production and conservation, all done in an environment friendly manner are the key drivers of emerging global economy. All these four factors viz. water, land, energy and environment are the lifeline for the rural economy where ~ 70% of Indian population resides contributing only ~ 30% to GDP. Moreover good environment is an issue of great concern and worry for healthy existence of our present and future generations.

 

VISION

In a country of the vast size such as ours, technology innovations and adaptation has to be evolved in a greater measure particularly since such technology has to fit with varied local conditions and need to be applied quickly to enhance the quality of life of larger population. Considering the wealth of technology and innovative capability generated in BARC & DAE units as an off-shoot of R&D in Nuclear Energy and its applications in power and non-power areas, Department has launched DAE – Societal Initiative for utilization of Non-Power Applications (NPAs) and Spinoff technologies (Spinoffs) in the area of water, land, agriculture, food processing and urban-rural waste management. Within this framework of societal initiative, structured programme called “AKRUTI - KRUTIK - FORCE” has been formulated and is being implemented by BARC for techno-economic growth of the rural sector, as one of the many schemes for large-scale deployment of NPAs and Spinoffs. This programme will enable to take the fruits of technology to grass-root level to every villager in the remote corner and provide inclusive growth to the rural sector and tap the hidden innovative capability of large rural population.

 

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MISSION

 

“Empower Villages with Science & Technology (S&T) based eco-friendly work plan for sustainable Techno-Economic growth of rural sector”

PROGRAM STRUCTURE

Based on interactions and experience of BARC scientists and engineers with National R&D laboratories, Agriculture Universities, KVKs, Farmers’ Co-operatives, other Government Departments, Industries and NGOs; a detailed formatted programme has been worked out that would compliment, supplement and augment the efforts of all existing programmes of different organisations, departments and ministries. Further, large scale deployment of several technologies in the rural sector will lead to economic upliftment, improvement of quality of life, inclusive growth of the rural sector and contribute to increase in rural GDP.

The programme AKRUTI-KRUTIK-FORCE aims to create structured and scalable network of technology nodes in rural areas providing easy access to modern technologies to all villagers in their own villages. ‘AKRUTI’ is an acronym for ‘Advance Knowledge and RUral Technology Implementation’ programme. Through this programme, the technology centre called AKRUTI node is set up in a village. This is done under the guidance of BARC, through technically oriented NGOs working in that village. AKRUTI node will park number of BARC developed technologies for use by villagers. These technologies are demonstrated and taken to different villages around the AKRUTI node via working centres established in different villages around AKRUTI. These working centres are called KRUTI Kendra viz. KRUTIK. KRUTIK stands for ‘Knowledge and RUral Technology Implementation Kendra, which works with villagers and farmers’ groups and deploys these technologies in their own villages and in the fields. These groups are known as FORCE meaning Farmers’ Organised group for Rural Creative Entrepreneurship. Each member of FORCE group is made familiar with technologies of AKRUTI through KRUTIK. AKRUTI and KRUTIKs will be managed by technology oriented villagers and NGOs operating in the village.

AKRUTI and KRUTIKs will function coherently and will create large number of FORCE groups in different villages who will benefit from the use of the technologies in AKRUTI node. Some of them will play a role of successful entrepreneurs. The present existing Self Help Groups (SHGs) created by various nationalised banks or Farmers Producer Organizations can play an important role to create a band of rural entrepreneurs. This way, SHGs will become FORCE for this programme and provide lively-hood security for villagers.

PROGRAM ACTION PLAN

In the beginning, it is planned to set-up few AKRUTI nodes in different states. This will be initiated with the active participation from mission oriented NGOs in pre-selected rural areas. This programme is proposed to run under budget neutral mode as far as DAE is concerned. BARC will provide know-how and technical expertise whereas infrastructure and manpower has to be arranged by collaborating NGOs including managing finance through existing various State and Central government grants, aids and development funds or bank schemes of macro and micro finance.
The scope of work on technology related activity covers both farm and non-farm areas such as propagation of new crop varieties, agro-processing, preservation, water management, soil testing and improving land fertility etc. Further, the scope of physical location of work could be in urban areas for technologies having direct implication to rural development such as implementation of plant similar to ‘SHRI’ - Sludge Hygienisation Research Irradiator at Vadodara, Gujarat or Bio-gas plant based on biodegradable solid waste - `NISARGRUNA’, spread over urban areas of different states of India. Also recently developed method by which garden waste comprising of dry leaves is composted by the application of a formulation based on Trichodermakoningiopsis. The technology has also been extended for rapid decomposition of Temple Waste and Kitchen Waste. Inputs used for these plants are sewage sludge, and biodegradable solid waste and dry leaves from garden waste respectively, generated in cities and produce weed-free, high quality organic manure (OM) eliminating the waste and sewage completely. The OM is used for topsoil conservation and recovery of degraded land of agri-fields. The OM is also an excellent clean media to create value added products such as bio-fertilizers with additional processing. Moreover, NISARGRUNA in a village, provides high purity Methane gas as house hold fuel or can be used for electricity generation.

Initially, working models of AKRUTI nodes will be set up in few villages using BARC developed technologies for demonstration. Subsequently, the modality to incorporate technologies from other R&D centres of different departments will be worked out, in consultation with concerned departments so that proper co-ordination and co-operation is established within these departments for the same purpose.


PROGRAM INITIATION

The programme implementation has commenced as a result of DAE-Societal Initiative launched by Dr. Anil Kakodkar, Former Secretary, DAE & Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission. The `AKRUTI’ programme has received excellent guidance and encouragement from all past Secretaries of DAE & Chairmen of AEC. The same is continued by Shri. K. N. Vyas present Secretary, DAE, Chairman, AEC and Dr. A.K. Mohanty, present Director, BARC. Active interest and support from then Director, Knowledge Management Group, BARC and Director, Bio-Sciences Group, BARC have refined this programme. Apt advice and useful discussions in the formative stage of AKRUTI, with Shri S. Prabhakaran, Ex-Member (Finance) Space & Atomic Energy Commission & former Chairman of DAE-Societal Initiative Steering Committee has laid the strong foundation of this programme. Interest in the programme and its appreciation by then Chairman, Rajiv Gandhi Science & Technology Commission (RGSTC), Govt. of Maharashtra, and realising the timely introduction of the project due to its direct relevance to our rural economy resulted in financial support by RGSTC for AKRUTIs in Maharashtra State. The excellent active participation of concerned BARC scientists and engineers and cooperation from all Heads of Divisions and Associate Group Directors of BARC has brought the programme to the present operational status. Shri. A.M. Patankar, Ex-Head, TT&CD, BARC has led the programme and Smt. Smita S. Mule, then Principal AKRUTI Coordinator(redesignated as Head, AKRUTI Technology Section) is coordinating the programme. Dr.A.P.Tiwari, Associate Director, Knowledge Management Group, BARC is currently steering the programme.
Administrative guidance from Controller and IFA, BARC and financial management support from Accounts Division of BARC has smoothened operation of this programme and enabled faster implementation.

On the advice and guidance of Dr. R. Chidambaram, Principal Scientific Advisor to Government of India, (PSA to GoI), umbrella MoU has been signed on 10th Oct. 2008 between Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai and Office of the PSA to GoI, New Delhi for delivering technologies through Rural Technology Action Group (RuTAG) and “AKRUTI” programmes under DAE – societal Initiative. Under this framework, `Rural Technology Delivery Centres – RTDCs will be set up jointly by different RuTAGs, BARC and local technically oriented NGO and technologies will be delivered to villages through `AKRUTI-KRUTIK-FORCE’ format via RTDCs.

WHO CAN PARTICIPATE

  • Technically oriented NGOs engaged in S&T based rural activities who can manage HR, finance and required resources for deployment of BARC technologies.
  • Financial institutes, Banks, social organisations like Lions Club, Rotary Club and Religious Trusts may also participate by providing financial support to above NGOs.
  • Big Business-Houses and Corporates through their CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) schemes can also participate in this programme for progress of rural sector - the future markets.
  • State and Central government departments having schemes for rural development based on S&T work programmes deployed through rural organisations with financial support can utilize this S&T based AKRUTI work plan with technologies.

MARKET SUPPORT FOR FUTURE GROWTH

Presently, the agri-produce and other related products produced through this programme by various FORCE groups, will be utilizing the existing infrastructure for distribution, marketing and financing schemes, which have been already formulated by various ministries, departments, banks, PSUs & other organisations. Commodity exchanges and associated organisations like National Bulk Handling Corporation (NBHC) can play a vital role in taking these products to market place and provide right valuation to the efforts of village communities in particular to the farmers on expansion of this programme in future. BARC has signed MoU with SBI, NBHC and farmer’s co-operative to create appropriate support schemes for this programme of “AKRUTI – KRUTIK – FORCE” on its large scale spread.
The semi-urban area bridges between urban and rural sector with lesser infrastructure than urban and better than villages. With the addition of more technologies, it is now increasing and widening the opportunities for entrepreneurship. This addition would provide participation of more people, thereby contributing to GDPthrough bottom up developmentmodel. 

AKRUTI TECH PLUS

In order to encourage locals from rural areas and also urban entrepreneurs to start AKRUTI activity in rural/semi-urban sector a Technology Package named ‘AKRUTI Tech Plus’ is offered at an affordable price. AKRUTI Tech Plusis made of optional technologies* and consultancy services as given below:

A.1 Technologies

S.No.

Technology Name

Abbreviation

Code

BIO-DEGRADABLE WASTE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIES

1

Nisargruna Biogas Plant based on biodegradable waste 1TPD capacity

BGP

ENV01NABTD

2

A Rapid composting technology for decomposition of Dry Leaves, Kitchen waste and Temple waste

RAPID BIOCOMPOST

AB25NABTD

WATER FILTER TECHNOLOGIES

3

Nanocomposite Ultrafiltration Membrane Device For Domestic Drinking Water Purification W.R.T. Arsenic, Iron And Microbial Contaminations

NDWP

WT10MDS

4

Domestic Water Purifier

DWP

WT11MDS

5

Solar Energy driven Portable Domestic Brackish Water ReverseOsmosis Technology

Solar BWRO

ON HOLD

6

Dip N Drink Membrane Pouch

DND

ON HOLD

FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIES

7

Process for retaining Pericarp Color and extending shelf life of Litchi

LITCHI

AB12FTD

8

Development of Instant FishSoup Powder

FISH SOUP

AB42FTD

9

Delicious & Preservative free, Shelf Stable Natural Jamun Product

JAMUN PRODUCT

AB41FTD

10

De-Bittered Bitter Gourd (karela) juice with high antidiabetic activity

KARELA JUICE

ON HOLD

11

Process For Long Lasting Ready- To- Eat (RTE) Intermediate Moisture (IM) Fruit Cubes

FRUIT CUBES

AN20FTD

12

A Post-harvest technology for development of Intermediate Moisture (IM)Shrimp

IM SHRIMP

AB32FTD

13

Vibro Thermal Disinfestor

VTD

AB19FTD

14

Solar Dryer 25 Kg 

SD

AB14FTD

15

Foldable Solar Dryer

FSD

AB05FTD

AGRICULTURE AIDE TECHNOLOGIES

16

Banana Tissue Culture

BTC

AB10NABTD

17

A rapid, reproducible and sustainable micro propagation protocol for Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.)

TURMTC

AB40NABTD

18

Pack of following two Tissue Culture Technologies:
(i) A rapid, reproducible and sustainable micro propagation protocol for Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) (ii) Banana Tissue Culture

BTC & TURMTC

AB10NABTD/
AB40NABTD

19

Micro fine NeemBiopesticide

MICRO NEEM

AB21NABTD

20

Soil Organic Carbon Detection & Testing Kit

STK

AB13NABTD

21

Mass Multiplication Medium of biofungicideTrichoderma spp.

MMM TRICHO

AB08NABTD

22

A purely organic, seed dressing bio-fungicide formulation of an improved Trichoderma Virens Mutant Strain

TRICHO VIRENS

AB18NABTD

23

Pack of following 2 technologies

  1. A Rapid composting technology for the decomposition of Dry Leaves, Kitchen waste and Temple waste
  2. A Purely Organic, Seed Dressing Bio-Fungicide Formulation of an Improved Trichoderma Virens Mutant Strain

RAPID BIOCOMPOST & TRICHO VIRENS

AB25NABTD
AB18NABTD

 

* Further more technologies/consultancies will be added in future

Women Entrepreneurs (WEs) are provided additional incentives!

A.2 Consultancy

  1. Preservation of Agro Produce by Irradiation
    For increasing the rural awareness and benefits of radiation processing, ATP holders on separate request can avail consultancy service for irradiation of agro produce once on trial basis for sample quantity without charges.
  2. BARC New Seeds
    For increasing the spread of new varieties developed by BARC, sample seeds shall be made available to ATP holder on separate request as per the suitability in his region.
  3. Applications of Isotope Techniques in Hydrological Investigations
    Over the years nuclear techniques evolved as an indispensable discipline providing powerful tools for water resources management. The climatic and hydrologic diversity in India provides unlimited opportunities for application of isotope techniques; be it in arid Rajasthan, Himalayan mountainous region, coastal Orissa and West Bengal, alluvial deposits in the Ganga plane, urban centres or hard rock of peninsular India. For increasing awareness on use of scientific methods like Isotope Techniques in Hydrological Investigations, preliminary exposure to ATP holder shall be made available on separate request as per suitability in his region.

SUMMARY

The basic need of opportunities for innovation, work and entrepreneurship for the rural areas can be accomplished by canalising modern indigenous know-how and technologies through this structured program “AKRUTI-KRUTIK-FORCE” with the existing financial support in the initial stage. This will enable the villagers to deploy and make use of the technologies with local adaptation for themselves, which itself will generate village entrepreneurship and make this activity self-sustaining and wide spread. In-turn, it will create a strong, wide spread network for embedded innovative S&T culture in rural areas.

Know-How, like a dormant bacteria waiting for a right climate to become active, Exists In The Country. AKRUTI-KRUTIK-FORCE can work like a catalyst to speed up deployment, use and spread of NPAs & spin-offs. Thus, BARC-DAE technologies in AKRUTI node, deployed by KRUTIK through villagers amongst FORCE groups will create `People Centred Research & Extension for Assured Livelihood of the rural sector’. Livelihood security of the rural sector will ensure the food security of the nation.

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